Under Construction

Yramea Reuss 1920

Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
Containing group: Argynnini


The genus Yramea is found only in the high Andes and south temperate region of South America. It remains somewhat of a biogeographic enigma, but recent phylogenetic work promises to shed light on the evolutionary history of this group.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Species belonging to Yramea were long thought to be related to species in the genus Issoria, and indeed Yramea species were often placed in Issoria. A recent morphological study (Simonsen 2006) showed that Issoria and Yramea are not sister groups, and a further study including molecular data (Simonsen et al. 2006) showed that Yramea is sister to the rest of Argynnini, to the exclusion of Euptoieta. The monophyly of Yramea has not been tested, but most likely this is a monophyletic genus.


Lamas, G. (ed) 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. Scientific Publishers, Gainsville, Florida.

Simonsen, T. J. 2006. Fritillary phylogeny, classification and larval hostplants: reconstructed mainly on the basis of male and female genitalic morphology (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Argynnini). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 627-673..

Simonsen, T. J., N. Wahlberg, A. V. Z. Brower, and R. de Jong. 2006. Morphology, molecules and Fritillaries: approaching a stable phylogeny for Argynnini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution 37: 405-418.

About This Page

Niklas Wahlberg
University of Turku, Finland

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Yramea Reuss 1920. Authored by Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2006. Yramea Reuss 1920. Version 04 October 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Yramea/70414/2006.10.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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