PseudergolinaeNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
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Pseudergolinae is a small clade of seven species occurring in Southeast Asia and the Malay Archipelago, and one more species in New Guinea.
Phylogenetic Position of Pseudergolinae
The relationships of Pseudergolinae have been enigmatic for a long time. Traditionally, they have been placed in the Limenitidinae, with one species (Amnosia decora) even being transfered to the tribe Nymphalini, and the genus Dichorragia being placed in Apaturinae. Molecular data have given a much clearer picture, supporting the hypothesis that Pseudergolinae is a monophyletic group (Wahlberg et al. 2003, 2005, 2009). Pseudergolinae is sister group to the remainder of the nymphaline clade (Wahlberg et al. 2009).
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
The topology illustrated is that of Wahlberg et al. (2005), who sampled only one species per genus. However, species within genera are very similar to one another, and the genera differ significantly from each other morphologically. Thus the sister relationships of species within genera appear to be quite certain.
Wahlberg, N., A. V. Z. Brower, and S. Nylin. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86:227-251.
Wahlberg, N., J. Leneveu, , U. Kodandaramaiah, U., C. Peņa, , S. Nylin, A. V. L. Freitas & A. V. Z. Brower. 2009. Nymphalid butterflies diversify following near demise at the cretaceous/tertiary boundary. Proc. R. Soc. London B 276, 4295-4302.
Wahlberg, N., E. Weingartner, and S. Nylin. 2003. Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28:473-484.
About This Page
University of Turku, Finland
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2009 Niklas Wahlberg and
Page: Tree of Life Pseudergolinae Authored by . Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 25 September 2006
- Content changed 18 November 2009
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2009. Pseudergolinae http://tolweb.org/Pseudergolinae/69948/2009.11.18 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 18 November 2009 (under construction).