Procambarus (Scapulicambarus) clarkiiKeith A. Crandall, James W. Fetzner, Jr., and Horton H. Hobbs, Jr.
RangeNorthern Mexico to Escambia County, Florida, and north to southern Illinois and Ohio. Widely introduced in the United States and elsewhere; Huner (1986) recored the following introductions: Arizona, California, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Maryland, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, South Carolina, Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Island of Cyprus, Japan, Kenya, People's Republic of China, Portugal, Spain, Taiwan, and Uganda. It has also been introduced into Oklahoma and into Utah (Johnson, 1986:630). Limited cultivation is in progress in Colombia, France, and Zambia, and introductions are planned or have been made in Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe.
Faxon, Walter. 1914. Notes on the Crayfishes in the United States National Museum and the Museum of Comparative Zoology with Descriptions of New Species and Subspecies to Which is Appended a Catalogue of the Known Species and Subspecies. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 40(8): 351-427, 13 plates.
Girard, Charles. 1852. A Revision of the North American Astaci, with Observations on Their Habits and Geographical Distribution. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 6: 87-91.
Hobbs, H. H. Jr. 1989. An Illustrated Checklist of the American Crayfishes (Decapoda: Astacidae, Cambaridae, and Parastacidae). Smithsonian Institution Press.
Huner, Jay V. 1986. Crawfish Introductions Affect Louisiana Industry. Crawfish Tales, 5(3): 16-18.
Johnson, James E. 1986. Inventory of Utah Crayfish with Notes on Current Distribution. Great Basin Naturalist, 46(4): 625-631, figure 1.
Taylor, C. A., M. L. Warren, Jr., J. F. Fitzpatrick, Jr., H. H. Hobbs III, R. F. Jezerinac, W. L. Pflieger, and H. W. Robison. 1996. Conservation Status of Crayfishes of the United States and Canada. Fisheries 21:4.
About This PagePage constructed by Emily Browne.
Keith A. Crandall
Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA
James W. Fetzner, Jr.
Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Horton H. Hobbs, Jr.
Wittenberg University, Springfield, Ohio, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Keith A. Crandall at
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All Rights Reserved.
Citing this page:
Crandall, Keith A., James W. Fetzner, Jr., and Horton H. Hobbs, Jr. 2001. Procambarus (Scapulicambarus) clarkii http://tolweb.org/Procambarus_%28Scapulicambarus%29_clarkii/7655/2001.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 01 January 2001 (under construction).