HistorisNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.
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IntroductionA genus of large, fruit-feeding neotropical nymphalids ranging from tropical Central and South America through the Greater Antilles.
DeVries, P. J. 1987 The butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press.
Lamas, G. (ed.) 2004 Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Smith, D. S., Miller, L. D. & Miller, J. Y. 1994 The butterflies of the West Indies and South Florida. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
About This Page
University of Turku, Finland
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2009 Niklas Wahlberg and
Page: Tree of Life Historis Authored by . Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 02 November 2006
- Content changed 21 April 2009
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2009. Historis http://tolweb.org/Historis/70297/2009.04.21 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 21 April 2009 (under construction).