Heliconius pardalinusMargarita Beltrán
Early stages: Eggs are yellow and approximately 1.4 x 0.9 mm (h x w). Females usually place eggs singly on growing shoots and tendrils of the host plant. Mature larvae have a white body and black spots, black scoli, and head and anal cap are orange; length is around 2 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious in small numbers (Brown, 1981).
Heliconius pardalinus is distributed in the Upper Amazon. The map below shows an approximate representation of the geographic distribution of this species. The original data used to draw these maps are derived from Brown (1979) which is available at Keith S. Brown Jr. (1979). Ecological Geography and Evolution in Neotropical Forests .
H. pardalinus occurs from sea level to 1,200 m in riparian forests. Usually individuals fly rapidly in the middlestory. Females mate multiply and adults roost solitarily or in loose groups at night at 2-10 m above ground on twigs or tendrils.
Hostplant: H. pardalinus larvae feed primarily on plants from the subgenera Granadilla, Astrophea and Distephana (Passifloraceae) (Brown, 1981).
Bates, H. W. [1825-1892] 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley. Lepidoptera: Heliconidae. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 23(3): 495-566, pls. 55-56.
Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.
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University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
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- First online 18 February 2007
- Content changed 12 August 2008
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita. 2008. Heliconius pardalinus http://tolweb.org/Heliconius_pardalinus/72902/2008.08.12 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 12 August 2008 (under construction).