AmathusiiniNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.
For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.close box
IntroductionAn Indo-Australasian clade of large forest floor-dwelling butterflies. Amathusiini were formerly considered a tribe of "Morphinae," but they are no more closely-related to the neotropical morphines than either is to various other groups of Satyrinae.
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
Corbet et al. (1992) state that Faunis, Melanocyma and Taenaris "form a natural group probably worthy of subtribal rank ... ." This hypothesis is supported by preliminary molecular results (Peña et al. 2006, Wahlberg & Brower unpubl.). Hyantis and Morphopsis, two New Guinean genera traditionally included in Amathusiini, appear to be associated instead with Elymniiini. Note that Xanthataenia is not an amathusiine. This was pointed out by Corbet et al. (1992) on the basis of larval morphology, and has been corroborated by molecular evidence (Wahlberg & Brower, unpubl.).
Corbet AS, Pendlebury HM, and Eliot JN. 1992. The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
Parsons M. 1999. The butterflies of Papua New Guinea: their systematics and biology. Academic Press, San Diego.
Pena C, Wahlberg N, Weingartner E, Kodandaramaiah U, Nylin S, Freitas AVL, and Brower AVZ. 2006. Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40: 29-49.
About This Page
University of Turku, Finland
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2009 Niklas Wahlberg and
Page: Tree of Life Amathusiini Authored by . Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 25 September 2006
- Content changed 16 November 2009
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2009. Amathusiini http://tolweb.org/Amathusiini/70273/2009.11.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 16 November 2009 (under construction).