Artemisia cana by Derrick


Artemisia cana.

Lakota name: peji hota toto­ (gray or gray blue herb)
sound iconListen to Lakota Plant Name: peji hota toto

Scientific name: Artemisia cana

Common names: Common names include silver sagebrush, plains silver sagebrush, hoary sagebrush, and white sagebrush.

Lakota use: It is listed only as a medicine.

Description: Young twigs are green, rigid and canescent while older twigs are brown to gray coloured and glabrous. The trunk bark is tan to grayish-brown.  The leaves are alternate, simple, linear (2-9 cm long, 1-7 mm wide), and entire to 1-2 lobed with a canescent surface. The fruit is a cylindrical, light brown achene (2.5 mm long, 1 mm wide).

Distribution: Silver sagebrush grows in southern Alberta and Saskatchewan, through Montana, Wyoming, and northern Colorado into central North and South Dakota and northwestern Nebraska. Isolated populations grow in the eastern Dakotas.

Special management considerations: Silver sagebrush sprouts vigorously following disturbance. Stand densities on winter ranges can be manipulated when dense stands form with concentrated animal use. Forage can increase when silver sagebrush is reduced.


Barrett, M.W. 1979. Evaluation of fertilizer on pronghorn winter range in Alberta. J. Range Manage. 32:55-59.

Beetle, A.A. and K.L. Johnson. 1982. Sagebrush in Wyoming. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 779. Laramie WY.

Learning Information

About This Page

Author: 1sagebrush25
Classroom Project: Medicinal Plants of the Lakota Sioux
Lead-Deadwood High School
Lead, South Dakota United States

License: Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to , Lead-Deadwood High School

 Treehouses are authored by students, teachers, science enthusiasts, or professional scientists. Anyone can sign up as a treehouse contributor and share their knowledge and enthusiasm about organisms. Treehouse contributions are checked for general accuracy and quality by teachers and ToL editors, but they are not usually reviewed by expert scientists. If you spot an error, please get in touch with the author or the teacher. For more information about quality control of Tree of Life content, see Status of Tree of Life Pages.

close box

This page is a treehouse that is attached to a branch of the Tree of Life.

Treehouses are ToL pages designed for children and the young at heart.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Treehouse Content

articles & notes




Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page