This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.
For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.close box
Kuijt, J. 1969. The Biology of Parasitic Flowering Plants. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Nickrent, D. L., R. J. Duff, A. E. Colwell, A. D. Wolfe, N. D. Young, K. E. Steiner, and C. W. dePamphilis. 1998. Molecular phylogenetic and evolutionary studies of parasitic plants. Pages 211-241 in: Molecular Systematics of Plants II. DNA Sequencing. D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, and J. J. Doyle, eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA.
Nickrent, D. L. and C. R. Franchina. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships of the Santalales and relatives. Journal of Molecular Evolution 31:294-301.
Savolainen, V., M. W. Chase, S. B. Hoot, C. M. Morton, D. E. Soltis, C. Bayer, M. F. Fay, A. Y. De Bruijn, S. Sullivan, and Y. L. Qiu. 2000a. Phylogenetics of flowering plants based on combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL gene sequences. Systematic Biology 49:306-362.
Savolainen, V., M. F. Fay, D. C. Albach, A. Backlund, M. van der Bank, K. M. Cameron, S. A. Johnson, M. D. Lledó, J.-C. Pintaud, M. Powell, M. C. Sheahan, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, P. Weston, W. M. Whitten, K. J. Wurdack, and M. W. Chase. 2000b. Phylogeny of the eudicots: a nearly complete familial analysis based on rbcl gene sequences. Kew Bulletin 55:257-309.
Soltis, D. E., P. S. Soltis, M. W. Chase, M. E. Mort, D. C. Albach, M. Zanis, V. Savolainen, W. H. Hahn, S. B. Hoot, M. F. Fay, M. Axtell, S. M. Swensen, L. M. Prince, W. J. Kress, K. C. Nixon, and J. S. Farris. 2000. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 133:381-461.
Information on the Internet
- Parasitic Plants of Santalales Dumort. The Parasitic Plant Connection. Daniel L. Nickrent, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.
- A molecular phylogeny of Santalales. Daniel L. Nickrent and Valéry Malécot.
- The Mistletoe Center. USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station.
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Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 2002. Santalales. Version 01 January 2002 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Santalales/20697/2002.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/